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Math K-Plus

Arithmetic - Division Definitions: Divide, Division, Dividend, Divisor, And Quotient

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Division Definitions: Divide, Division, Dividend, Divisor, And Quotient


A simple example will be used to explain these definitions. Let's answer the question with an example. Ms. James buys a bag of six peaches. She wants to give each son of her three sons an even number of peaches. How many peaches does each boy get?


There are six peaches:                                Peach is an division object Peach is an division object Peach is an division object Peach is an division object Peach is an division object Peach is an division object
How many peaches does the first son get?         Peach is an division object Peach is an division object
How many peaches does the second son get?      Peach is an division object Peach is an division object
How many peaches does the third son get?        Peach is an division object Peach is an division object

How do we show this in integer Division math?

  • Visually:     Peach is an division object Peach is an division object Peach is an division object Peach is an division object Peach is an division object Peach is an division object  ÷  Peach is an division object Peach is an division object Peach is an division object  =  Peach is an division object Peach is an division object
  • Numerically: 6 ÷ 3 = 2


Division Definitions
Word Definition
Divide To take one large group of objects and divide it equally into smaller groups.
Division The act of dividing. The sign "÷" indicates Division.
Dividend The amount that you want to divide up. In the example above, six peaches is the dividend.
Divisor The number you divide by. In the example above, three peaches per son is the divisor.
Quotient The result of dividing the Dividend by the Divisor. In the example above, two peaches per son.